Achille Lauro


Achille Lauro
   An Italian cruise ship named after a prominent right-wing politician from Naples, the Achille Lauro became famous in October 1985 when members of a splinter group from the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) took control of the vessel while it was en route to Port Said, Egypt, and terrorized its 500 passengers and crew. Sensitive to its relations with the Arab states, Italy tried to achieve a diplomatic solution to the crisis. With Egyptian cooperation, it was agreed that the terrorists would surrender in exchange for safe conduct to the Yugoslav capital of Belgrade. The only proviso was that no violent acts punishable by Italian law had been committed aboard the ship. When it became clear that an American tourist had, in fact, been killed, both the United States and the Italian governments wanted Egypt to allow extradition of the four perpetrators for trial. While en route to Yugoslavia, an Egyptian airliner carrying the Palestinians was forced by two U.S. jets to land at Sigonella in Sicily. President Ronald Reagan demanded the extradition of the terrorists; Egypt demanded that they be set free. Caught on the horns of a dilemma, Italian premier Bettino Craxichose to placate Arab opinion. It was decided that there was insufficient evidence to hold the terrorists and they were allowed to leave for Belgrade. An internal political crisis followed. The pro-American Partito Repubblicano Italiano/Italian Republican Party (PRI) temporarily resigned from the government and the Craxi administration was forced to submit to a parliamentary vote of confidence. Craxi defended his actions vigorously. In a speech to the Chamber of Deputies, he criticized U.S. over-eagerness to apply military solutions to diplomatic problems and defended the Palestinian struggle for autonomy. The Achille Lauro incident was a watershed in Italian–American relations, since it illustrated that the geopolitical realities of Italy’s position in the Mediterranean were potentially of equal or even greater importance for the country’s foreign policy as the American alliance.
   See also Foreign Policy.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Achille Lauro — MS Willem Ruys (1947 1965) MS Achille Lauro (1965 1994) …   Википедия

  • Achille Lauro — Autres noms Willem Ruys Type paquebot transatlantique Histoire Mise en service 2 décembre 1947 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Achille Lauro — (* 16. Juni 1887 in Piano di Sorrento; † 15. November 1982 in Neapel) war ein italienischer Unternehmer und Politiker der Faschisten, der monarchistisch orientierten Rechten sowie der Neofaschisten. Er war das fünfte von sechs Kindern des Reeders …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Achille Lauro — (Piano di Sorrento, 16 de junio de 1887 – Nápoles, 15 de noviembre de 1982) fue un armador y político italiano. Quinto de los seis hijos del armador Gioacchino y de Laura Cafiero, fue a su vez armador y fundador de la Flota Lauro, una de las más… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Achille Lauro — The Achille Lauro , originally the Willem Ruys , was a passenger liner. It is most remembered for its 1985 hijacking. Concept and constructionOrdered in 1938, her keel was laid in 1939 at Vlissingen, Netherlands, for Rotterdamsche Lloyd.… …   Wikipedia

  • Achille Lauro (Schiff) — Achille Lauro p1 Schiffsdat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Achille Lauro (paquebot) — Achille Lauro Achille Lauro Noms : Willem Ruys Type : paquebot transatlantique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Détournement du Achille Lauro — Crise de Sigonella L Achille Lauro La Crise de Sigonella est un cas diplomatique complexe qui risqua de déclencher un engagement armé entre l armée italienne et les forces spéciales américains en 1985, au lendemain de la rupture diplomatique… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lauro — bezeichnet Lauro (Kampanien), Ort in Kampanien, Italien Achille Lauro (Schiff), ein Kreuzfahrtschiff, bekannt geworden durch eine Entführung im Jahre 1985 Anna Maria Lauro, ein einstiges Bäder und Lazarettschiff Lauro ist der Familienname… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lauro Lines s.r.l. v. Chasser et al. — SCOTUSCase Litigants=Lauro Lines s.r.l. v. Chasser, et al. ArgueDate=April 17 ArgueYear=1989 DecideDate=May 22 DecideYear=1989 FullName=Lauro Lines s.r.l. v. Chasser, et al. USVol=490 USPage=495 Citation=109 S. Ct. 1976; 104 L. Ed. 2d 548; 1989 U …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.